Form I-589, Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal, is available online at https://www.uscis.gov/i-589. The form requests biographical information from the applicant and then inquires as to why they are apprehensive of returning to their country of origin. The explanation of fear is debatably the most crucial factor in New York asylum qualifying assessments.
Asylum seekers must provide copies of their identification documents, passport-style photographs, and documentation that support their asylum application. If the applicant needs to supplement the asylum application with additional proof, they can submit it to the asylum office about one week before the interview. However, if the asylum application is still ongoing before the immigration court, the petitioner has 15 days before the individual merits hearing to supplement the case.
Bars to Applying for Asylum
You may not be eligible to apply for asylum if you:
- Did not follow the one-year filing deadline for Form I-589. The one-year deadline is calculated from the date of your last arrival in the U.S. or April 1, 1997, whichever is later;
- Had a previous asylum application denied by an immigration judge or the Board of Immigration Appeals; or
- Can be removed to a safe third country under a two-party or multi-party agreement between the United States and other countries.