The following countries have E-2 treaty status with the United States. Some changes may apply since some countries may be added or deleted from the list over time. Some of the effective dates date back to the 1800s.

Country Effective Date
1. Albania January 4, 1998
2. Argentina October 20, 1994
3. Armenia March 29, 1996
4. Australia December 27, 1991
5. Austria May 27, 1931
6. Azerbaijan August 2, 2001
7. Bahrain May 30, 2001
8. Bangladesh July 25, 1989
9. Belgium October 3, 1963
10. Bolivia June 6, 2001
11. Bosnia and Herzegovina November 15, 1882
12. Bulgaria June 2, 1994
13. Cameroon April 6, 1989
14. Canada January 1, 1993
15. Chile January 1, 2004
16. China (Taiwan) November 30, 1948
17. Colombia June 10, 1848
18. Congo (Brazzaville) August 13, 1994
19. Congo (Kinshasa) July 28, 1989
20. Costa Rica May 26, 1852
21. Croatia November 15, 1882
22. Czech Republic January 1, 1993
23. Denmark December 10, 2008
24. Ecuador May 11, 1997
25. Egypt June 27, 1992
26. Estonia February 16, 1997
27. Ethiopia October 8, 1953
28. Finland December 1, 1992
29. France December 21, 1960
30. Georgia August 17, 1997
31. Germany July 14, 1956
32. Grenada March 3, 1989
33. Honduras July 19, 1928
34. Ireland November 18, 1992
35. Israel May 1, 2019
36. Italy July 26, 1949
37. Jamaica March 7, 1997
38. Japan October 30, 1953
39. Jordan December 17, 2001
40. Kazakhstan January 12, 1994
Country Effective Date
41. Korea (South) November 7, 1957
42. Kosovo November 15, 1882
43. Kyrgyzstan January 12, 1994
44. Latvia December 26, 1996
45. Liberia November 21, 1939
46. Lithuania November 22, 2001
47. Luxembourg March 28, 1963
48. Macedonia November 15, 1882
49. Mexico January 1, 1994
50. Moldova November 25, 1994
51. Mongolia January 1, 1997
52. Montenegro November 15, 1882
53. Morocco May 29, 1991
54. Netherlands December 5, 1957
55. New Zealand June 10, 2019
56. Norway January 18, 1928
57. Oman June 11, 1960
58. Pakistan February 12, 1961
59. Panama May 30, 1991
60. Paraguay March 07, 1860
61. Philippines September 6, 1955
62. Poland August 6, 1994
63. Romania January 15, 1994
64. Senegal October 25, 1990
65. Serbia November 15,1882
66. Singapore January 1, 2004
67. Slovak Republic January 1, 1993
68. Slovenia November 15, 1882
69. Spain April 14, 1903
70. Sri Lanka May 1, 1993
71. Suriname February 10, 1963
72. Sweden February 20, 1992
73. Switzerland November 08, 1855
74. Thailand June 8, 1968
75. Togo February 5, 1967
76. Trinidad & Tobago December 26, 1996
77. Tunisia February 7, 1993
78. Turkey May 18, 1990
79. Ukraine November 16, 1996
80. United Kingdom July 03, 1815
81. Yugoslavia November 15, 1882

Notably missing from the E-2 treaty list are Russia, China, Brazil, and India.

Country Specific Notes

China (Taiwan): The agreement/treaty is managed on a “nongovernmental basis by the American Institute in Taiwan, a nonprofit District of Columbia corporation, and constitutes neither recognition of the Taiwan authorities nor the continuation of any official relationship with Taiwan.”

Czech Republic and Slovak Republic: The Treaty with the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic entered into force on December 19, 1992. It becomes valid for the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic as separate states on January 01, 1993.

Denmark: The Treaty does not apply to Greenland

France: The Treaty “applies to the departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Reunion.”

Japan: The Treaty which was originally effective on October 30, 1953 now includes the Bonin Islands (effective June 26, 2968) and the Ryukyu Islands (effective May 15,1972).

The Netherlands: This Treaty now applies to Aruba and Netherland Antilles.

Norway: The Treaty does not apply to Svalbard (Spitzbergen and certain lesser islands).

Spain: The Treaty dates back to April 14, 1903. It applies to all territories.

Suriname: “The Treaty with the Netherlands which entered into force December 05, 1957, was made applicable to Suriname on February 10, 1963.”

The United Kingdom: The are some conditions which an experienced immigration attorney can explain. For example, to qualify as a treaty investor or treaty trader, “the alien must be a national of the United Kingdom. Individuals having the nationality of members of the Commonwealth other than the United Kingdom do not qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty.”

Yugoslavia: The view of the United states is that essentially the former republic of Yugoslavia does not exist. The US view is also that the successor countries continue to be bound by the original treaty. These successor countries are Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Kosovo.

Some additional conditions apply for E-3 visas for nationals of the Commonwealth of Australia. There are also unique conditions for Bolivian nationals and Ecuadorian nationals that a skilled immigration lawyer can explain.

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