The following countries have E-2 treaty status with the United States. Some changes may apply since some countries may be added or deleted from the list over time. Some of the effective dates date back to the 1800s.

CountryEffective Date
1.AlbaniaJanuary 4, 1998
2.ArgentinaOctober 20, 1994
3.ArmeniaMarch 29, 1996
4.AustraliaDecember 27, 1991
5.AustriaMay 27, 1931
6.AzerbaijanAugust 2, 2001
7.BahrainMay 30, 2001
8.BangladeshJuly 25, 1989
9.BelgiumOctober 3, 1963
10.BoliviaJune 6, 2001
11.Bosnia and HerzegovinaNovember 15, 1882
12.BulgariaJune 2, 1994
13.CameroonApril 6, 1989
14.CanadaJanuary 1, 1993
15.ChileJanuary 1, 2004
16.China (Taiwan)November 30, 1948
17.ColombiaJune 10, 1848
18.Congo (Brazzaville)August 13, 1994
19.Congo (Kinshasa)July 28, 1989
20.Costa RicaMay 26, 1852
21.CroatiaNovember 15, 1882
22.Czech RepublicJanuary 1, 1993
23.DenmarkDecember 10, 2008
24.EcuadorMay 11, 1997
25.EgyptJune 27, 1992
26.EstoniaFebruary 16, 1997
27.EthiopiaOctober 8, 1953
28.FinlandDecember 1, 1992
29.FranceDecember 21, 1960
30.GeorgiaAugust 17, 1997
31.GermanyJuly 14, 1956
32.GrenadaMarch 3, 1989
33.HondurasJuly 19, 1928
34.IrelandNovember 18, 1992
35.IsraelMay 1, 2019
36.ItalyJuly 26, 1949
37.JamaicaMarch 7, 1997
38.JapanOctober 30, 1953
39.JordanDecember 17, 2001
40.KazakhstanJanuary 12, 1994
CountryEffective Date
41.Korea (South)November 7, 1957
42.KosovoNovember 15, 1882
43.KyrgyzstanJanuary 12, 1994
44.LatviaDecember 26, 1996
45.LiberiaNovember 21, 1939
46.LithuaniaNovember 22, 2001
47.LuxembourgMarch 28, 1963
48.MacedoniaNovember 15, 1882
49.MexicoJanuary 1, 1994
50.MoldovaNovember 25, 1994
51.MongoliaJanuary 1, 1997
52.MontenegroNovember 15, 1882
53.MoroccoMay 29, 1991
54.NetherlandsDecember 5, 1957
55.New ZealandJune 10, 2019
56.NorwayJanuary 18, 1928
57.OmanJune 11, 1960
58.PakistanFebruary 12, 1961
59.PanamaMay 30, 1991
60.ParaguayMarch 07, 1860
61.PhilippinesSeptember 6, 1955
62.PolandAugust 6, 1994
63.RomaniaJanuary 15, 1994
64.SenegalOctober 25, 1990
65.SerbiaNovember 15,1882
66.SingaporeJanuary 1, 2004
67.Slovak RepublicJanuary 1, 1993
68.SloveniaNovember 15, 1882
69.SpainApril 14, 1903
70.Sri LankaMay 1, 1993
71.SurinameFebruary 10, 1963
72.SwedenFebruary 20, 1992
73.SwitzerlandNovember 08, 1855
74.ThailandJune 8, 1968
75.TogoFebruary 5, 1967
76.Trinidad & TobagoDecember 26, 1996
77.TunisiaFebruary 7, 1993
78.TurkeyMay 18, 1990
79.UkraineNovember 16, 1996
80.United KingdomJuly 03, 1815
81.YugoslaviaNovember 15, 1882

Notably missing from the E-2 treaty list are Russia, China, Brazil, and India.

Country Specific Notes

China (Taiwan): The agreement/treaty is managed on a “nongovernmental basis by the American Institute in Taiwan, a nonprofit District of Columbia corporation, and constitutes neither recognition of the Taiwan authorities nor the continuation of any official relationship with Taiwan.”

Czech Republic and Slovak Republic: The Treaty with the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic entered into force on December 19, 1992. It becomes valid for the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic as separate states on January 01, 1993.

Denmark: The Treaty does not apply to Greenland

France: The Treaty “applies to the departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Reunion.”

Japan: The Treaty which was originally effective on October 30, 1953 now includes the Bonin Islands (effective June 26, 2968) and the Ryukyu Islands (effective May 15,1972).

The Netherlands: This Treaty now applies to Aruba and Netherland Antilles.

Norway: The Treaty does not apply to Svalbard (Spitzbergen and certain lesser islands).

Spain: The Treaty dates back to April 14, 1903. It applies to all territories.

Suriname: “The Treaty with the Netherlands which entered into force December 05, 1957, was made applicable to Suriname on February 10, 1963.”

The United Kingdom: The are some conditions which an experienced immigration attorney can explain. For example, to qualify as a treaty investor or treaty trader, “the alien must be a national of the United Kingdom. Individuals having the nationality of members of the Commonwealth other than the United Kingdom do not qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty.”

Yugoslavia: The view of the United states is that essentially the former republic of Yugoslavia does not exist. The US view is also that the successor countries continue to be bound by the original treaty. These successor countries are Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Kosovo.

Some additional conditions apply for E-3 visas for nationals of the Commonwealth of Australia. There are also unique conditions for Bolivian nationals and Ecuadorian nationals that a skilled immigration lawyer can explain.

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