The Declaration of Self-Sufficiency, Form I-944, is a new form that the USCIS requires applicants for permanent residence to submit. It is designed to allow immigration authorities to determine whether you are likely to become a “public charge” in the future (a “public charge” is someone who relies primarily on government benefits to support themselves). Anyone who the USCIS believes is more likely than not to become a public charge in the future will be denied permanent residence.
Form I-944 is 15 pages long (including instructions), and it requires you to provide detailed information about your age, family status, health, finances, credit history and other matters. You may need to submit extensive documentation with Form I-944 in order to prove that you will not become a “public charge” while in the United States.
Please note that the Affidavit of Support (Form I-864), submitted by your sponsor if your immigration category requires a sponsor, may also be considered in determining whether you are likely to become a “public charge”.