AThe United States is facing a migration crisis on its southern border. Unfortunately, media images taken from ICE immigration detention facilities have been heartbreaking. Most of these migrants have come not from Mexico, however, but from the so-called “Northern Triangle”–El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala.
The reasons for this migration, which has persisted through the Trump administration until now, is more than just economic, although economics is certainly a factor. In addition to poverty, official corruption and violence are driving the citizens of these countries north towards the US border. In 2020 El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala ranked 1st, 4th, and 14th in the world, respectively, in terms of the national murder rate.
It doesn’t get any better when these migrants travel north, either. Tijuana and Juarez, both located just south of the US/Mexico border, rank 1 and 2 in the world, respectively, in terms of city murder rates. Meanwhile, human smugglers and drug cartels often prey upon vulnerable migrants. The fact that these conditions have failed to deter Northern Triangle migrants goes to show how difficult life is for the people who live in those countries.