The Visa Bulletin has separate columns for the following countries:
For these countries, the backlog is great and weight time can be very long. This means applicants from these countries have to overcome two caps burdens:3
- The country of origin cap burden
- The family or employment law cap burden – with the exception of the F2A category where 75% of green card holders (and their family members) are exempt from this cap burden. Spouses [and unmarried minor children?] from the four listed countries generally only have to wait a few extra weeks for their green cards. Other relatives from these listed countries may have to wait more than a decade.
In some cases, a “derivative” parent or child can shift their country of origin to take advantage of better country caps – by charging their priority date to another relative.